|PROCESS OF NUCLEAR WEAPON FREE ZONES ` FORMATION AND PROSPECTS OF THEIR EXPANSION|
Department of Modern and Contemporary History of Foreign Countries
Taras Shevchenko National University Of Kyiv,
|Abstract. The paper analyzes the state of scientific research problems and proves the theoretical and methodological framework used by the author during the study. The peculiarities of the nuclear weapon free zones` formation are researched by author. The patterns of their creation in five regions: Latin America, South Pacific, South-East Asia, Central Asia and Africa are investigated. The author analyzes importance of denuclearized zones for the non-proliferation regime and the reveals the prospects of their expansion. Author has determined world leaders` main motives for the deployment and adoption of action programs. There is authors' view in the paper on the similar zones` possible creation in the Arctic regions, North-East Asia, the Middle East and Europe. Author highlights the main challenges of such processes in this direction. Also author specifies alternative methods that are aimed to improve the system expansion of denuclearized zones at the regional level and beyond. In the paper author has proved the successful experience of the denuclearized zones existence and the need for further work towards improving their participation and nuclear countries direct support, and especially the United States.
|Key words: nuclear weapons, nuclear weapons prevalence, nuclear weapon free zones (NWFZs), the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT).
|1. S.P. Halaka (2006) “Yaderne nerozpovsiudzhennia u svitovii politytsi” [Nuclear non-proliferation in world politics], Dys. dok. polit. nauk: 23.00.04, Kyivskyi nats. un-t imeni Tarasa Shevchenka, K., 283 p.
2. A. Kuras (2006) “Dyplomatychna aktyvnist navkolo yadernoi prohramy KNDR” [Diplomatic activity around the nuclear program of the North Korea], Nauk. zap. In-tu polit. i etno-nats. Doslidzh, Vyp. 30, kn. 2, pp. 310-312.
3. K. Mahmoud (1998) “A. Nuclear Free-Zone in the Middle East. Problems and Prospects”, N.Y.: Greenwood Press, 312 р.
4. A. Kapur (1992) “South Asian Regional Proliferation and Non-Proliferation Dynamics”, Regional Approaches to Curbing Nuclear Proliferation in the Middle East and South Asia, Ed. By R. Tariq, Aurora Papers 16, Ottava: Canadian Centre for Global Security, pp. 69-92.
5. M. Fitzpatrick (2008) “The Iranian Nuclear Crisis: Avoiding Worst-case Outcomes”, Adelphi Paper № 398: Oxon, Oxford, Routledge for the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 99 р.
6. Yadernoe oruzhie posle «xolodnoĭ voĭny» / Pod red. A. Arbatova i V. Dvorkina ; Mosk. Centr Karnegi. — M. : «Rossiĭskaya politicheskaya enciklopediya» (ROSSPEN), 2006. — S. 368, 414
7. “Jadernoe oruzhie posle «holodnoĭ voĭny»” 2006 [Nuclear weapons after “cold war”], Pod red. A. Arbatova i V. Dvorkina; Mosk. Centr Karnegi, «Rossiĭskaja politicheskaja jenciklopedija» (ROSSPJeN), pp. 368-414.
8. R. Gotemjuller (2005) “Korejskij jadernyj krizis: perspektivy uregulirovanija” [Korean nuclear crisis: perspectives for regulation”, MGIMO(U) MID RF; Fond Karnegi mezhdunarodny mir, M., 76 p.
9. “Podderzhka rezhima jadernogo nerasprostranenija i razoruzhenija” (2012) [Support of the nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament], Posobie dlja parlamentariev; MPS., №19, 83 p.
10. Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (Treaty of Tlatelolco 1967), Nuclear Non-Proliferation, Volume 2. Documents, Moscow, 149 p.
11. Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in South-Pacific Region ( Treaty of Rarotonga 1985), Volume 2. Documents, Moscow, 152 p.
12. Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Africa, Volume 2, Documents, Moscow, 190 p.
13. Official site of the Parliament of Canada, Retrieved from: http://www.parl.gc.ca/HousePublications/Publication.aspx?Docid=4960270&file=4.
14. A. Arbatova (2005) “Ugrozy rezhimu nerasprostranenija jadernogo oruzhija na Blizhnem i Srednem Vostoke” [Threats to non-proliferation of nuclear weapons in the Middle East], Mosk. CentrKarnegi, M., 29 p.
|Information about author:|
|FULL TEXT (pdf)|